The cybersecurity sector brings together a wide range of future professions, some of which do not yet exist! One thing is sure: the shortage of talent already promises excellent career prospects for all those who wish to orient themselves or retrain to secure IT assets.
The field of cybersecurity is growing in France. It must be said that cyberattacks are constantly on the increase and are proving increasingly complex to neutralize. Ransomware, malware (malicious software), phishing and account hacking… So many threats hover over users as soon as they connect to the Internet, open their mailbox or visit vulnerable sites.
The democratization of smartphones and the emergence of connected objects also contribute to amplifying the risks of cyber-attacks. All the green signals tell us that this trend will continue in the coming years, which immediately places cybersecurity professionals in the professions of tomorrow.
This phenomenon spares no individual and no company; each year, millions of euros are lost, often permanently, for lack of sufficient resources to deal with these computer attacks. It is easy to understand why companies today are ready to pay the price to surround themselves with qualified profiles who will know how to protect their information system. Indeed, the cybersecurity sector is rather generous in remuneration since it often allows you to receive a gross salary exceeding 40,000 euros per year, including for a junior profile.
If we add to this guaranteed professional integration, the wide variety of missions, the fact of learning new things every day and the possibility of starting on your own, cybersecurity jobs tick all the boxes to flourish in work in a stimulating environment.
The Four Families Of Cybersecurity Professions
Computer security jobs fall into four main categories:
- Management and control of security projects
- The design and maintenance of a secure information system
- Security incident and crisis management
- Consulting, research and IT services
This classification is that of the National Agency for Information Systems Security (ANSSI). It also mentions the existence of related professions such as legal, research, or IT development.
Do you already know which specialization you want to turn to? Do you need more information to understand the type of missions associated with each profession? Are you ready to obtain a bac +3 or even a bac +5 diploma? Our selection of 5 cybersecurity professions that are recruiting should help you become that rare pearl that companies of all sizes and sectors of activity are snapping up!
Data Protection Officer (DPO)
A DPO has become mandatory in companies processing large-scale data since the entry into force of the RGPD (General Regulation on the Protection of Personal Data) on May 25, 2018. His role is to secure the massive data the organization stores and ensure that their processing and storage comply with European regulations. To do this, it carries out audits, draws up an action plan, educates its employees and is in more or less regular contact with the various supervisory authorities such as the CNIL (Commission Nationale de l’Informatique et des Libertés), the body responsible for ensuring the GDPR compliance of organizations.
It is a technical job that requires good interpersonal skills, a particular digital culture, and legal expertise. If you have any shortcomings on this last point, be aware that many organizations offer short training sessions in a centre or remotely to understand the GDPR and its issues better.
Training: the profession of DPO is not regulated, but that does not mean you have to turn to any course. Instead, prioritize computer science or law training at bac +5 level (Master 2). A winning strategy may be to join a hybrid movement combining these two specializations in a single course. The professional title of Data Protection Officer issued after a certifying training of a few months will also allow you to attest to your expertise in managing personal data with companies.
Information Systems Security Manager (RSSI)
The CISO defines the IT security policy of the company he works for and ensures that it is correctly applied by the teams he is required to supervise as part of his duties. Guarantor of the protection of an organization’s computer equipment, the information systems security manager must have managerial skills and teaching skills: he knows only too well that the first bulwark against the risks of cyberattacks remains the human behind the machine.
This means having to spend time teaching the various users good computer security practices to avoid having to act when it is already too late. The adage “prevention is better than cure” applies perfectly to the field of cybersecurity. But since it is impossible to control everything, and since to err is human, the CISO will have to show good stress management and significant reactivity when a virus or other malicious software has successfully infiltrated the organization’s computer networks.
Training: As a general rule, you become CISO with a baccalaureate +5 in computer science and at least three years of professional experience in the cybersecurity sector.
Information Systems Security Developer
This developer is responsible for designing computer programs (software, websites, mobile applications) capable of resisting cyberattacks and vulnerabilities. After delivery of the project, he may be required to carry out maintenance operations according to technological developments and new computer threats likely to exploit security vulnerabilities. A regular technology watch will enable him to anticipate unwanted intrusion attempts.
The technical skills of the security developer embrace many areas related to cybersecurity. He masters, among other things, computer development and, therefore, programming languages, database management, and operating systems administration. Like any self-respecting computer developer, he will have to demonstrate logic, curiosity, creativity and certain human qualities such as a good team spirit.
Training: Many certifying or diploma courses from a few months to several years of study can lead you to the information systems security developer profession. You will often have to specialize at some point in your career to acquire the hard skills that will allow you to fight against the principal risks of cyberattacks effectively.
IT Security Consultant
The computer security consultant, or cybersecurity consultant, supports and advises organizations wishing to optimize their information system. It analyzes the risks incurred by companies through a complete and detailed audit and then proposes areas for improvement to strengthen their security policy.
Endowed with a good spirit of analysis and synthesis, the cybersecurity consultant is illustrated by his excellent knowledge of systems and networks and ability to put himself in hackers’ shoes. The job also requires a good sense of oral and written communication (drafting reports, security procedures and user charters) and an ability to popularize information to make it accessible. Uncomfortable with this subject.
Training: Abac +5 is strongly recommended to become a computer security consultant. The possible courses are multiple, from Master 2 with a speciality in cybersecurity through an engineering degree in computer science.
Of all the cybersecurity professions, the cybersecurity engineer is undoubtedly the one with the most cutting-edge skills in protecting information systems. This project manager is responsible for guaranteeing the reliability and security of companies’ computer networks by identifying and applying the procedures best suited to each organization.
Daily, he detects IT solutions, supervises and assists technical teams, trains his employees in IT risks, and ensures a constant watch on cyber defense news. Methodical, organized and passionate, the cybersecurity engineer must also master technical English, a skill often desired or even required by most employers in the IT sector.
Education: Bac +5 level diploma specialized in cybersecurity.